Spain is divided into autonomÃas or autonomous regions, plus two independent cities. Some of the autonomÃas notably the ones which have other official languages alongside Spanish are regions with their own unique historical tradition. These include the Basque Country or Euskadi (Basque), Galicia (Galician), Catalonia or Catalunya, the Valencian region or PaÃs ValenciÃ , and the Balearic Islands or Illes Balears (Catalan), but also AndalucÃa. Travelers to these parts of the Iberian Peninsula should respect their history and language. The Canary Islands lie off the coast of Morocco and are geographically part of Africa, as are the two cities of Ceuta and Melilla.
For ease of reference, Spain's many regions can be grouped as follows:
-Northwestern Spain (Galicia, Asturias, Cantabria)
-Northern Spain (Basque Country, Navarre, La Rioja)
-Northeastern Spain (Catalonia, Aragon)
-Central Spain (Community of Madrid, Castile-La Mancha, Castile-Leon, Extremadura
- Eastern Spain (Murcia, Valencia)
- Autonomous Cities (Ceuta, Melilla).