The Alhambra, the complete form of which was Calat Alhambra, is a palace and fortress complex constructed during the mid 14th century by the Moorish rulers of the Emirate of Granada in Al-Andalus, occupying the top of the hill of the Assabica on the southeastern border of the city of Granada in the Autonomous Community of Andalusia.
El Escorial is a historical residence of the king of Spain, in the town of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, about 45 kilometres (28 miles) northwest of the Spanish capital, Madrid. It is one of the Spanish royal sites and functions as a monastery, royal palace, museum, and school.
The Basque Country or Basque Autonomous Community was granted the status of historical region within Spain, attributed by the Spanish Constitution of 1978 to separate ethnic realities, dubbed "nationalities". The autonomous community is based on the Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country, a foundational legal document providing the framework for the development of the Basque people in Spanish soil. Notwithstanding this spirit, the territory of Navarre was left out and made into a separate autonomous community. The capital is Vitoria-Gasteiz (Vitoria is the name in Spanish, Gasteiz in Basque) and Bilbao its largest city.
The Mezquita, which means mosque in Spanish, is a present day Roman Catholic Cathedral located in CĂłrdoba. This religious site has undergone many transformations over the centuries. Originally, it was a Roman temple and today you can still see over a thousand columns made of jasper, onyx and marble which date back to the original Roman temple and several other Roman buildings in the area.
A new church was built on the foundation of the temple in 600 AD by the Visigoths. But when Moorish forces occupied the city in 711 they started to turn it into a mosque. As the different rulers controlled the structure they left different designs with them. Today the Mezquita is the most important church in CĂłrdoba.
At the western end of Madrid lies the Palacio Real. This palace is located on the spot where the city was founded in the 10th century. After the old palace burned down on Christmas Eve 1734, construction on the new place began 4 years later and was finally completed in 1755. Today the palace is only used for official ceremonies and no one currently lives in it.
The Real AlcĂˇzares (Royal Castle) of Seville is one of the highlights of the Mudejar building style. The Palace was build in the 14th century, but there are also older parts, as it was built on the site of a Moorish palace. Highlights are the Patio del LĂ©on (Lions courtyard) at the entrance of the building, the Palacio de Pedro I and the Patio de las Doncellas, the Patio de la Monteria, and the beautiful gardens.
La Sagrada FamĂlia:
Located in Barcelona the La Sagrada FamĂlia started in 1882. This modernist cathedral is not expected to be completed until 2026. The main architect Antoni GaudĂ may be long dead yet his vision is carried on. Millions of travellers visit this unfinished piece of work every year and are still awed by it. The construction of the La Sagrada FamĂlia gives a unique chance for travellers to see a work-in-progress.
The Tabernas Desert is one of only five deserts in Europe. It is located in the southeast of Spain, in the province of Almeria. The Tabernas Desert is situated between the Sierra de los Filabres to the north and the Sierra de Alhamilla to the south and southeast. It is a protected wilderness area with fantastic desert landscapes and as a desert is receives just less of the maximum of 250 mm a year in an area known as Levante. It is isolated from the humid winds of the Mediterranean Sea. On top of that, evaporation is much higher than that, especially during the long and hot summers when months without a single drop of rain and 12 hours of sunshine a day occur. This is when temperatures can exceed 40 Â°C in the shade (if you can find any!). It has been the setting of many Spaghetti westerns and an Indian Jones movie as well.
The Old City of Toledo is nicknamed the city of the three religions, as once Catholics, Jewish and Islamic people coexisted here without many troubles. It is also the former capital of Spain, until Felipe II, moved the seat of power to the new capital Madrid, where he could get away from the powerful catholic church, which in his eyes had become too powerful. The Old City is a maze of small streets, and a couple of squares, including the central Plaza de Zocodover. In the old city there are numerous sights one can visit, including the cathedral, The Synagogue del Transito and many old churches.
Torre del Oro:
The Torre del Oro (Golden Tower) in Seville was originally built by the Moors in the 13th century for defensive purposes. It was later used to store the gold from Spain's conquest of South America and the Caribbean. Today it houses a very good naval museum.